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Therapies and treatments in Romanian Resorts and Spas

Crenotherapy – internal treatment with mineral waters

It is recommended for digestive disorders (gastritis, chronic cholecystitis, chronic hepatitis, enterocolopathy, etc.), renal disorders (nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis, urinary tract infections, chronic pyelonephritis), metabolic disorders (diabetes, gout) and professional diseases (lead poisoning).

Crenotherapy must be supervised by a doctor, for both renal and digestive disorders. The mineral water should be drunk directly from the spring.

Simple galvanic baths

It’s usually used by using only one circuit, with two electrodes, which are applied to the tegument, either transversally or longitudinally, with electrodes’ surfaces being either equal or not. The intensity is applied based on individual tolerance, necessary therapeutic effects and the state of evolution of the ailment being treated.

Four cell galvanic baths

It is a method in which the galvanic current is done through water and two circuits are used, one of them at the upper limbs and another one at the lower limbs. The applications can be with four cells, by using both of the circuits, with two cells, by using only one circuit and also with only one cell.

The advantage of the method is the association of the galvanic current, which creates vasodilation, with the temperature of the water, at 36-37 °C, which behaves as a sedative and muscle relaxant. The intensity of the current is controlled based on the tolerability of the patient and the desired effects.

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Ionogalvanization

It is a method used to transport into the human body a variety of medical substances by using electric current, which transports them through the tegument and mucosae. The principle of the method is the electrolysis of ionized pharmacological substances, which are placed with the therapeutically active ion under the electrode with the same charge.

Diadynamic currents

Diadynamic currents are low frequency currents, derived from normal electric current, which is redressed and modulated, a variety of other forms being generated: monophasic, biphasic, “courtes periodes” and “lounges periodes”. The sizes and shapes of the electrodes are chosen based on the parts of the body being treated and the way they are placed and their polarities are chosen based on the desired effects. The intensity of the current is adjusted progressively, until well-tolerated and not painful vibrations are felt.

Interferential currents

These are medium frequency currents. The principle of the method is the application of two circuits with medium frequency currents, which are delayed or out of phase by 100 Hz from one-another, the whole frequency being obtained from the interference of the two.

The results are vasculotropy, analgesic, muscle relaxant and the excitation of the locomotion. Flat electrodes are used, one or two pairs, and they are placed in such a way that they intersect in the middle of the area being treated. The intensity of the current is adjusted based on the tolerance of the patient and the desired therapeutic effect.

Magnetotherapy

Represents electromagnetic fields generated by low frequency currents of 50 Hz, 100 Hz or 50-100 Hz. Three distinct forms of magnetic field can be applied (continuous form, rhythmic interrupted and arrhythmic interrupted). Choosing the application method (with  electromagnetic circular coils or local coils) and forms of magnetic field are made by taking into account the therapeutic purpose, treated condition, constitutional ground, and the type of neurovegetative reactivity.

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Ultrasounds

Ultrasounds use high frequency electric currents, which act on a piezoelectric crystal and produce mechanic vibrations. This mechanical energy is transmitted to biological structures as a succession of compressions and decompressions, which lead to, firstly, a mechanic effect and, secondly, a thermic effect. The transmitter is chosen based on the surface and shape of the treated area.

The intensity is chosen based on the depth of the spot being treated, the state of the affliction and the age of the patient. The ultrasound is applied through the skin by using gel or petrolatum.

Short waves

This is a high-frequency therapy, which produces tissular endothermy (heat formed within the tissue), the thermal energy being stored within the tissue for 24-72 hours. The area to be treated is introduced in-between the special electrodes, at a distance from the skin, the intensity being adjusted based on the affliction and its state of evolution.

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Infrared therapy with solux lamp

This is a phototherapy procedure, which is performed in an open space. During this procedure, infrared radiation transmitted or reflected by the solux lamp, acts on the body. The area is placed 40-60 cm away from the source of the light and the exposure time is 5-20 minutes long, depending on the area exposed and the target of the exposure.

Therapies and treatments in Romanian Resorts and Spas

Kinesiotherapy

A conservative type of therapy, which uses mechanical energy, is defined as movement therapy. It is an individualized form of therapeutics which, using physical exercises, both static and dynamic, can be used in a variety of therapeutic programs, including recovery, preventive and curative programs. The medical rehabilitation programs pursue the increase in the functional level or the improvement and rehabilitation of diminished functions, which appear as a result of post-traumatic sequelae, cardiovascular, respiratory and central or peripheral nervous systems ailments, as well as rheumatic pains. As part of the kinesiotherapy programs, a variety of static or dynamic exercises are established, with the guidance of a therapist, specific mechanical equipment and systems being used in specially equipped rooms.

Hydrokinesiotherapy

This type of therapy is based on two phenomena: the floating of the human body and the opposed resistance of the fluid mass in certain directions of movement, plus the thermic effect of the water (around 36 – 37 °C), which relaxes the tissues, and the biochemical properties of the sulfur in the water, which has a peripheral vasodilator effect. The exercises performed as part of this therapy are based on the techniques as those carried on the land, carrying therefore the same benefits, but with the added advantages of the aquatic environment. The therapy is performed under the guidance of a physiotherapist, who must know the patient, his or her behavior, limits and how to encourage and stimulate him or her.

Sulphur baths - therapy in Romania

Sulfur bath

It is a major procedure, performed in the first part of the day, until noon, which is based on the thermic effect of the water (around 36 – 37 °C), which acts as a muscle relaxant and on the biochemical properties of the sulfur in the water, which helps peripheral vasodilation and lowering the blood pressure, as well as lowering high glycemia and cholesterol and acts as a nutrient for the articulations.

Bathing in water rich in carbon dioxide

The tub is fitted with a special device that makes small, smooth carbon dioxide bubbles. The tub can be filled up to a half, up to three quarters or completely with water. The curative effect is based on the carbon dioxide, which smoothly massages the tegument, having a vasodilator and sedative effect on the nervous system. This procedure is recommended for cardiovascular and peripheral arterial occlusive ailments. It is a major procedure, performed in the first part of the day, until noon.

Curative procedures Romania - herbal bath

Herbal Bath

Infusions of peppermint, chamomile, sage, nut shells, oak and wheat are prepared and added to the water of around 33 – 35 °C. The aromatic substances in the tub have a sedative effect on the nervous system. The procedure is recommended for rheumatic and respiratory ailments, as well as for neuralgia and nervous asthenia.

Underwater shower

The procedure consists in pouring a high pressure water jet (1 – 8 atm) at a temperature identical or 1 – 3 °C higher than the water in the tub. The jet is poured on the patient, which is in a big tub, filled with water of 37 – 38 °C, following a special procedure. The effect is based on the thermal factor, but mostly on the mechanical one. It is recommended in locomotive deficits, muscular atrophy and post-traumatic disorders.

Affusions

These are procedures consisting of projecting columns of water, without pressure, on various parts of the body. Depending on the temperature, they can be cold (18 – 22 °C) or alternating between cold and warm (38 – 42 °C and 18 – 22 °C), the warm application being always the first, the alternation being repeated thrice. They can be inferior or superior and are recommended in peripheral circulatory disorders, depression and exhaustion.

Paraffin packaging

This procedure is the most valuable thermotherapy procedure, both from a superficial point of view and a deep one, thanks to the thermo physical characteristics of paraffin. The melted paraffin is placed on a large tray, in a layer of around 1.5 cm. The top layer being solidified after some time, the paraffin is detached from the wall with a knife and applied on the region to-be-treated in a layer of around 5 cm, at a temperature of 42 – 48 °C. After cooling, the well-stored heat from the paraffin will be ceded to the body slowly, in a 15 – 20 minutes time period. The thermal effect is long, uniform and constant for 2 – 3 hours. It is recommended for rheumatic and post-traumatic disorders.

Mud cataplasms

Mud cataplasms are thermotherapy procedures which consist in the local application of heated bags of mud at 38 – 44 °C. The duration of the procedure varies based on the affliction, the treatment area and the age of the patient, but the average is 15 – 20 minutes. The physiological and therapeutic effects consist mainly of muscle relaxation, the improvement of joint-flexibility and anti-inflammatory effects. These benefits are created by the thermal characteristics of the mud, but its physio-chemical properties trigger an improvement in vascular, endocrine and neurological functions. This procedure is recommended for rheumatic pathology, post-traumatic, dermatological, gynecological and endocrine disorders.

Individual aerosols

These are techniques which use ultrasound aerosol devices to pulverize medical substances or sulfur water into various parts of the respiratory system through the respiratory tract. The mechanism of action of aerosols is specific to the substance used, but usually has bronchodilator, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory or desensitizing effects. The techniques are recommended mainly for respiratory afflictions.

Collective inhalations

A procedure through which the patient is administered, though the respiratory tract, sulfurous mineral water, pulverized as a fog with a compressor, in a specially designed sealed room. This procedure is recommended for respiratory disorders.

Therapies and treatments in Romanian Resorts and Spas

Intramuscular injections with mineral water

These are procedures through which sulfur mineral water is administered to a patient through intramuscular injections and they are highly  recommended in allergy syndromes. The therapy begins with progressive doses and continues with regressive ones.

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